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    Lesions impairing regular versus irregular past tense production

    Meteyard, L. and Price, C.J. and Woollams, A.M. and Aydelott, Jennifer (2013) Lesions impairing regular versus irregular past tense production. NeuroImage 3 , pp. 438-449. ISSN 2213-1582.

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    Abstract

    We investigated selective impairments in the production of regular and irregular past tense by examining language performance and lesion sites in a sample of twelve stroke patients. A disadvantage in regular past tense production was observed in six patients when phonological complexity was greater for regular than irregular verbs, and in three patients when phonological complexity was closely matched across regularity. These deficits were not consistently related to grammatical difficulties or phonological errors but were consistently related to lesion site. All six patients with a regular past tense disadvantage had damage to the left ventral pars opercularis (in the inferior frontal cortex), an area associated with articulatory sequencing in prior functional imaging studies. In addition, those that maintained a disadvantage for regular verbs when phonological complexity was controlled had damage to the left ventral supramarginal gyrus (in the inferior parietal lobe), an area associated with phonological short-term memory. When these frontal and parietal regions were spared in patients who had damage to subcortical (n = 2) or posterior temporo-parietal regions (n = 3), past tense production was relatively unimpaired for both regular and irregular forms. The remaining (12th) patient was impaired in producing regular past tense but was significantly less accurate when producing irregular past tense. This patient had frontal, parietal, subcortical and posterior temporo-parietal damage, but was distinguished from the other patients by damage to the left anterior temporal cortex, an area associated with semantic processing. We consider how our lesion site and behavioural observations have implications for theoretical accounts of past tense production.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): anterior temporal pole, supramarginal gyrus, morphology, pars opercularis, phonology, regularity, inflection
    School: School of Science > Psychological Sciences
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 15 Oct 2013 10:08
    Last Modified: 24 Jun 2020 16:32
    URI: https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/8459

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