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    Intra- and inter-individual variation in self-reported code-switching patterns of adult multilinguals

    Dewaele, Jean-Marc and Li, Wei (2014) Intra- and inter-individual variation in self-reported code-switching patterns of adult multilinguals. International Journal of Multilingualism 11 (2), pp. 225-246. ISSN 1747-7530.

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    The present study is a large-scale quantitative analysis of intra-individual variation (linked to type of interlocutor) and inter-individual variation (linked to multilingualism, sociobiographical variables and three personality traits) in self-reported frequency of code-switching (CS) among 2116 multilinguals. We found a significant effect of interlocutor (friends, family, colleagues and strangers) on self-reported CS. Participants who grew up and work in a multilingual environment, know many different languages, which they learnt from a young age, have advanced proficiency in various languages reported more frequent CS. Sex, Extraversion and Cognitive Empathy, but not Tolerance of Ambiguity, are linked with higher self-reported CS. We conclude that the frequency of self-reported CS depends not just on situational, complex sociobiographical and environmental factors, but it is also mediated by the personality of the multilingual.


    Item Type: Article
    Additional Information: This is an Author's Accepted Manuscript of an article published in the International Journal of Multilingualism (online 20th January 2014) [copyright Taylor & Francis], available online at:
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): individual differences, code-switching, multilingualism, personality
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences > School of Creative Arts, Culture and Communication
    Depositing User: Jean-Marc Dewaele
    Date Deposited: 21 Jan 2014 10:15
    Last Modified: 09 Aug 2023 12:34


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