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    Effect of egg turning and incubation time on carbonic anhydrase gene expression in the blastoderm of the Japanese quail ( Coturnix c. japonica )

    de Winter, Patricia and Sugden, D. and Baggott, Glenn K. (2008) Effect of egg turning and incubation time on carbonic anhydrase gene expression in the blastoderm of the Japanese quail ( Coturnix c. japonica ). British Poultry Science 49 (5), pp. 566-573. ISSN 0007-1668.

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    Abstract

    1. The gene expression of carbonic anhydrase, a key enzyme for the production of sub-embryonic fluid (SEF), was assessed in turned and unturned eggs of the Japanese quail. The plasma membrane-associated isoforms CA IV, CA IX, CA XII, CA XIV, and the cytoplasmic isoform CA II, were investigated in the extra-embryonic tissue of the blastoderm and in embryonic blood. 2. Eggs were incubated at 37·6°C, c.60% RH, and turned hourly (90°) or left unturned. From 48 to 96 h of incubation mRNA was extracted from blastoderm tissue, reverse-transcribed to cDNA and quantified by real-time qPCR using gene-specific primers. Blood collected at 96 h was processed identically. 3. Blastoderm CA IV gene expression increased with the period of incubation only in turned eggs, with maxima at 84 and 96 h of incubation. Only very low levels were found in blood. 4. Blastoderm CA II gene expression was greatest at 48 and 54 h of incubation, subsequently declining to much lower levels and unaffected by turning. Blood CA II gene expression was about 25-fold greater than in the blastoderm. 5. The expression of CA IX in the blastoderm was the highest of all isoforms, yet unaffected by turning. CA XII did not amplify and CA XIV was present at unquantifiable low levels. 6. It is concluded that only gene expression for CA IV is sensitive to egg turning, and that increased CA IV gene expression could account for the additional SEF mass found at 84 to 96 h of incubation in embryos of turned eggs.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    School: School of Science > Biological Sciences
    Depositing User: Sarah Hall
    Date Deposited: 29 Jan 2014 09:52
    Last Modified: 29 Jan 2014 09:52
    URI: https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/9098

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