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    Making and remaking the civilian soldier: the World War I photographs of Horace Nicholls

    Tynan, J. and Biernoff, Suzannah (2012) Making and remaking the civilian soldier: the World War I photographs of Horace Nicholls. Journal of War and Culture Studies 5 (3), pp. 277-293. ISSN 1752-6272.

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    Abstract

    Horace Nicholls' photographs of wartime army recruitment, and post-war facial reconstruction, seem to lie uneasily between photojournalism, propaganda and record keeping. It is argued here that the photographer's artistic aspirations, and his love of a good story, coloured his response to the brief from Wellington House to record the war effort on the home front. This is photography as pictorial history, but it is also photography as theatre. What we see are stages in a process of bodily and psychological transformation: the preparations of the new recruit and the meticulous 'repair' of 'war's ravages'. Nicholls relies upon the serial quality of his photographs to develop a narrative of the body, first the making of the civilian soldier, then his remaking. He might be drawing on a documentary style but he also dramatizes his subjects, as pictorial effects inject a poetic sensibility into his account of the transformation of men's bodies. During World War I, facial wounds were widely perceived as the most dehumanizing of injuries. Repair, in such cases, was not, or not only, a matter of relieving pain and restoring function; at stake was the patient's identity. By foregrounding the psychological impact of facial mutilation, Nicholls produced images that ultimately cast doubt on the possibility of restoration.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): WORLD WAR I, BODY, UNIFORM, DISFIGUREMENT, PROPAGANDA, PHOTOGRAPHY
    School: School of Arts > History of Art
    Research Centres and Institutes: Gender and Sexuality, Birkbeck (BiGS), Social Research, Birkbeck Institute for (BISR)
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 04 Apr 2014 12:38
    Last Modified: 12 Dec 2016 09:15
    URI: https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/9543

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