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Atypical eye contact in autism: Models, mechanisms and development

Senju, Atsushi and Johnson, Mark H. (2009) Atypical eye contact in autism: Models, mechanisms and development. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews 33 (8), pp. 1204-1214. ISSN 0149-7634.

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Official URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1523/JNEUROSCI.1595-10.2011

Abstract

An atypical pattern of eye contact behaviour is one of the most significant symptoms of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Recent empirical advances have revealed the developmental, cognitive and neural basis of atypical eye contact behaviour in ASD. We review different models and advance a new ‘fast-track modulator model’. Specifically, we propose that atypical eye contact processing in ASD originates in the lack of influence from a subcortical face and eye contact detection route, which is hypothesized to modulate eye contact processing and guide its emergent specialization during development.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: “NOTICE: this is the author’s version of a work that was accepted for publication in Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. A definitive version was subsequently published in Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 33(8), September 2009, DOI:10.1016/j.neubiorev.2009.06.001”
Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Autism spectrum disorders, Social cognition, Social brain, Gaze, Eye contact, Development, Amygdala
School or Research Centre: Birkbeck Schools and Research Centres > School of Science > Psychological Sciences
Depositing User: Administrator
Date Deposited: 26 Mar 2012 11:52
Last Modified: 17 Apr 2013 12:33
URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/4676

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