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    Tests of policy interventions in DSGE models

    Hashem Pesaran, M. and Smith, Ron P. (2017) Tests of policy interventions in DSGE models. Working Paper. Birkbeck, University of London, London, UK.

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    Abstract

    This paper considers tests of the e¤ectiveness of a policy intervention, defined as a change in the parameters of a policy rule, in the context of a macroeconometric dynamic stochastic general equilibrium (DSGE) model. We consider two types of intervention, first the standard case of a parameter change that does not alter the steady state, and second one that does alter the steady state, e.g. the target rate of inflation. We consider two types of test, one a multi-horizon test, where the post-intervention policy horizon, H, is small and fixed, and a mean policy e¤ect test where H is allowed to increase without bounds. The multi-horizon test requires Gaussian errors, but the mean policy e¤ect test does not. It is shown that neither of these two tests are consistent, in the sense that the the power of the tests does not tend to unity as H ! 1, unless the intervention alters the steady state. This follows directly from the fact that DSGE variables are measured as deviations from the steady state, and the e¤ects of policy change on target variables decay exponentially fast. We investigate the size and power of the proposed mean e¤ect test by simulating a standard three equation New Keynesian DSGE model. The simulation results are in line with our theoretical findings and show that in all applications the tests have the correct size; but unless the intervention alters the steady state, their power does not go to unity with H.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Monograph (Working Paper)
    Additional Information: BCAM 1706; ISSN 1745-8587
    Keyword(s) / Subject(s): Counterfactuals, policy analysis, policy ineffectiveness test, macroeconomics
    School: Birkbeck Schools and Departments > School of Business, Economics & Informatics > Economics, Mathematics and Statistics
    Research Centre: Applied Macroeconomics, Birkbeck Centre for, Innovation Management Research, Birkbeck Centre for
    Depositing User: Administrator
    Date Deposited: 21 Mar 2019 16:20
    Last Modified: 15 Oct 2019 13:43
    URI: http://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/26708

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