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    Predictions and errors are distinctly represented across V1 layers

    Thomas, Emily and Haarsma, J. and Nicholson, Jessica and Yon, Daniel and Kok, P. and Press, Clare (2024) Predictions and errors are distinctly represented across V1 layers. Current Biology 34 , pp. 1-7. ISSN 0960-9822.

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    Abstract

    Popular accounts of mind and brain propose that the brain continuously forms predictions about future sensory inputs and combines predictions with inputs to determine what we perceive.1–6 Under ‘‘predictive processing’’ schemes, such integration is supported by the hierarchical organization of the cortex, whereby feedback connections communicate predictions from higher-level deep layers to agranular (superficial and deep) lower-level layers.7–10 Predictions are compared with input to compute the ‘‘prediction error,’’ which is transmitted up the hierarchy from superficial layers of lower cortical regions to the middle layers of higher areas, to update higher-level predictions until errors are reconciled.11–15 In the primary visual cortex (V1), predictions have thereby been proposed to influence representations in deep layers while error signals may be computed in superficial layers. Despite the framework’s popularity, there is little evidence for these functional distinctions because, to our knowledge, unexpected sensory events have not previously been presented in human laminar paradigms to contrast against expected events. To this end, this 7T fMRI study contrasted V1 responses to expected (75% likely) and unexpected (25%) Gabor orientations. Multivariate decoding analyses revealed an interaction between expectation and layer, such that expected events could be decoded with comparable accuracy across layers, while unexpected events could only be decoded in superficial laminae. Although these results are in line with these accounts that have been popular for decades, such distinctions have not previously been demonstrated in humans. We discuss how both prediction and error processes may operate together to shape our unitary perceptual experiences.

    Metadata

    Item Type: Article
    School: Birkbeck Faculties and Schools > Faculty of Science > School of Psychological Sciences
    Depositing User: Daniel Yon
    Date Deposited: 08 May 2024 12:52
    Last Modified: 09 May 2024 08:03
    URI: https://eprints.bbk.ac.uk/id/eprint/53465

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